North America is a landmass completely inside the Northern Hemisphere and practically all inside the Western Hemisphere. It can likewise be depicted as a northern subcontinent of the Americas. It is flanked toward the north by the Arctic Ocean, toward the east by the Atlantic Ocean, toward the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea, and toward the west and south by the Pacific Ocean.
North America covers a zone of around 24,709,000 square kilometers (9,540,000 square miles), about 16.5% of the Earth’s territory region and about 4.8% of its all out surface. North America is the third-biggest mainland by region, following Asia and Africa, and the fourth by populace after Asia, Africa, and Europe. In 2013, its populace was assessed at almost 579 million individuals in 23 autonomous states, or about 7.5% of the total populace, if close by islands (most strikingly around the Caribbean) are incorporated.
North America was reached by its first human populaces during the last frosty period, by means of intersection the Bering land connect around 40,000 to 17,000 years back. The alleged Paleo-Indian period is taken to have gone on until around 10,000 years back (the start of the Archaic or Meso-Indian period). The exemplary stage ranges generally the sixth to thirteenth hundreds of years. The pre-Columbian time finished in 1492, with the start of the overseas relocations of European pilgrims during the Age of Discovery and the early present day time frame. Present-day social and ethnic examples reflect cooperations between European pioneers, indigenous people groups, African slaves, outsiders, and the relatives of these gatherings.
Inferable from Europe’s colonization of the Americas, most North Americans communicate in European dialects, for example, English, Spanish or French, and their states’ societies ordinarily reflect Western conventions.